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A cataract is a clouding of the normally clear lens inside the eye. Age-related cataract is the world's most frequent cause of curable blindness. However, cataracts can also be congenital due to injury or hereditary causes.
Three main types of lens opacity are described in age-related cataract: nuclear (the nucleus of the lens), cortical (cortex) and posterior subcapsular (the back for the membrane surrounding the lens). Although cortical cataract is probably the most frequent type, nuclear and posterior subcapsular cataracts (which primarily affect the optical axis of the eye lens) are the types of cataract that more frequently cause visual deterioration and prompt persons to seek surgical intervention.
Initial treatment often consists of stronger eyeglasses or contact lenses. Once a clouded lens develops, surgical removal is the only treatment. However, the decision to surgically remove cataracts should be based on the person's own perception of vision difficulties and need and the effect of vision loss on normal activity.
Cataract surgery has become one of the most frequently performed outpatient surgeries in North America with more than 1.2 million cataract surgical procedures each year.
Get the Facts... With your MediFocus Guide

The Medifocus Guide on Cataract provides answers to the following important questions and medical issues:
  • What are the most common symptoms of cataract?
  • Are there any recognized risk factors for developing cataract?
  • What kinds of medical tests are used to establish the diagnosis of cataract?
  • What is the current standard of care for the treatment of cataract?
  • What treatment options are available for the management of cataract?
  • Are there any promising new developments or potential breakthroughs in treatment?
  • Who are the most notable medical authorities who specialize in cataract?
  • Where are the leading hospitals and centers of research for cataract?
  • What are the most important questions to ask my doctor about cataract?
What Your Doctor Reads:

This MediFocus Guide contains an extensive listing of citations and abstracts of recent journal articles that have been published about this condition in trustworthy medical journals. This is the same type of information that is available to physicians and other health care professionals. A partial selection of journal articles that are abstracted in this MediFocus Guide includes:
  • Congenital cataracts: gene mapping.
    Human Genetics. 2000
  • The Stickler syndrome: case reports and literature review.
    Optometry (St. Louis, Mo.). 2000
  • The genetics of childhood cataract.
    Journal of Medical Genetics. 2000
  • Ultraviolet radiation and cataract.
    Journal of Ocular Pharmacology & Therapeutics. 2000
  • Review: Oxidative stress and disease.
    Journal of Ocular Pharmacology & Therapeutics. 2000
  • Review: Age-related cataract: immunity and lens epithelium-derived growth factor (LEDGF).
    Journal of Ocular Pharmacology & Therapeutics. 2000
  • Lens UVA photobiology.
    Journal of Ocular Pharmacology & Therapeutics. 2000
  • Cataract surgery in patients with uveitis.
    International Ophthalmology Clinics. 2000
  • Health-related quality of life in patients with cataract and glaucoma.
    Journal of Glaucoma. 2000
  • Design of Physicians' Health Study II--a randomized trial of beta-carotene, vitamins E and C, and multivitamins, in prevention of cancer, cardiovascular disease, and eye disease, and review of results of completed trials.
    Annals of Epidemiology. 2000
MediFocus Guides... When You Need Trustworthy Medical Information understands that consumers who are facing serious medical issues need access to credible, up-to-date medical information to help them make informed health-care decisions. That's why we've developed the MediFocus Guides...the most advanced and trustworthy patient research guides for over 200 chronic and life-threatening conditions. Each MediFocus Guide includes a detailed overview of the condition including information about diagnosis, treatment options, cutting-edge research, and new developments; excerpts of important journal articles from the current medical literature focusing on standard treatments and treatment options; a directory of leading authors and medical institutions who specialize in the treatment of the condition; and a listing of organizations and support groups where you can obtain additional information about the illness.
MediFocus Guides are the perfect solution for consumers who wish to gain an in-depth understanding of their medical issue and avail themselves of the same type of professional level medical information that is used by physicians and other health-care professionals to help then in the clinical decision making process.
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